Creation of the modern bureaucratic state

His ideal-typical bureaucracy, whether public or private, is characterized by: Wilson advocated a bureaucracy that "is a part of political life only as the methods of the counting house are a part of the life of society; only as machinery is part of the manufactured product.

Creation of the modern bureaucratic state

The Development of the Bureaucracy Andrew Jackson cemented the spoils system also called rotation-in-office during his presidency. He formed his own group of advisors from his friends and political allies, known as the "Kitchen Cabinet," to support his goals for the nation.

The original bureaucracy of the federal government consisted only of employees from three small departments — State, Treasury, and War. The executive branch employs today almost three million people.


Not only have the numbers of bureaucrats grown, but also the methods and standards for hiring and promoting people have changed dramatically. Patronage George Washington promised to hire only people "as shall be the best qualified.

When Democratic-Republican Thomas Jefferson became President, he dismissed many of the Federalists and filled their jobs with members from his party. With this action, he began a long tradition of filling government positions through patronage, a system of rewarding friends and political allies in exchange for their support.

Creation of the modern bureaucratic state

Andrew Jackson is regarded as the President who entrenched the patronage, or "spoils" system. Following the old saying, "to the victor go the spoils," he brought a whole new group of "Jacksonian Democrats" into office.

Jackson argued that the spoils system brought greater rotation in office. He thought it was healthy to clear out the government workers who had worked for predecessors, lest they become corrupt.

Postal Service has changed along with the nation. During the s, while more and more federal employees were landing their jobs through patronage, the bureaucracy was growing rapidly as new demands were placed on government.

As the country expanded westward new agencies were needed to manage the land and its settlement. And as people moved into the new areas, a greatly expanded Post Office was necessary. The Civil War sparked the creation of thousands of government jobs and new departments to handle the demands of warfare.

After the war, the Industrial Revolution encouraged economic growth and more government agencies to regulate the expanding economy. The Pendleton Act The spoils tradition was diluted in when Charles Guiteau, a disappointed office seeker, killed President James Garfield because he was not granted a government job.

It was meant to replace patronage with the principle of federal employment on the basis of open, competitive exams. The Pendleton Act created a three-member Civil Service Commission to administer this new merit system.

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At first only about 10 percent of federal employees were members of the civil service. Today, about 85 to 90 percent take this exam.

Growth in the 20th Century In reaction to the excesses of Gilded Age millionaires, many Americans demanded that the government regulate business and industry. As a result, a group of independent regulatory commissions emerged as the 20th century dawned.

The first of these agencies was the Interstate Commerce Commission, set up in to monitor abuses in the railroad industry. Reform movements of the early 20th century demanded that government regulate child labor, food processing and packaging, and working and living conditions for the laboring classes.

Aimed at employing men between the ages of 18 and 25, over 3, men joined the CCC and became members of the federal bureaucracy between and The largest growth of the bureaucracy in American history came between and With the American entry into World War II inthe needs of the war elevated the number of federal agencies and employees even more.

During those 12 Roosevelt years, the total number of federal employees increased from a little over half a million in to an all time high of more than 3. After World War II ended inthe total number of federal employees decreased significantly, but still has remained at levels between about 2.The creation of the modern bureaucratic state in France occurred under the reign of Louis XIV who ruled as an absolute monarch.

His reign was considered the "perfect embodiment of an absolute monarch". The creation of the modern bureaucratic state in France occurred under the reign of Louis XIV who ruled as an absolute monarch.

His reign was considered the "perfect embodiment of an absolute monarch". Exam 2 chapters review. STUDY. • centralized management along the lines of TR's New Nationalism accelerated the creation of the modern bureaucratic state • the national debt multiplied ten fold • government-sponsored propaganda promoted psychological and social conformity.

The state, bureaucracy, and revolution in modern Iran: agrarian reforms and regime politics I Ali Farazmand. p. and the bureaucratic state was the dominant force in Iranian community as a British political creation of the late nineteenth.

The bureaucracy, in service to the crown, was the manifestation of the state. Building the state essentially was identified with the increasing proficiency of its bureaucratic apparatus .

The Rise of the Bureaucratic State. JAMES Q. WILSON. During its first years, the American republic was not thought to have a "bureaucracy," and thus it would have been meaningless to refer to the problems" of a "bureaucratic state.".

Bureaucracy - Wikipedia