President of River 2 River Realty, a business that offers diverse real estate services for customers in New York and beyond. How Bad is Homelessness In America? When you start to consider just how much money exists in America, it makes the fact that we even have homelessness seems all the more absurd.
Why Are People Homeless?
Housing A lack of affordable housing and the limited scale of housing assistance programs have contributed to the current housing crisis and to homelessness.
Recently, foreclosures have also increased the number of people who experience homelessness. Poverty Homelessness and poverty are inextricably linked.
Poor people are frequently unable to pay for housing, food, childcare, health care, and education. Difficult choices must be made when limited resources cover only some of these necessities. Often it is housing, which absorbs a high proportion of income that must be dropped.
If you are poor, you are essentially an illness, an accident, or a paycheck away from living on the streets. According to the United States Census Bureauthe national poverty rate in was While the poverty rate has been slowly declining sincea couple of factors account for continuing poverty: Lack of Employment Opportunities — With unemployment rates remaining high, jobs are hard to find in the current economy.
Even if people can find work, this does not automatically provide an escape from poverty. Decline in Available Public Assistance — The declining value and availability of public assistance is another source of increasing poverty and homelessness and many families leaving welfare struggle to get medical care, food, and housing as a result of loss of benefits, low wages, and unstable employment.
Additionally, most states have not replaced the old welfare system with an alternative that enables families and individuals to obtain above-poverty employment and to sustain themselves when work is not available or possible. Other major factors, which can contribute to homelessness, include: Lack of Affordable Health Care — For families and individuals struggling to pay the rent, a serious illness or disability can start a downward spiral into homelessness, beginning with a lost job, depletion of savings to pay for care, and eventual eviction.
Domestic Violence — Battered women who live in poverty are often forced to choose between abusive relationships and homelessness. Conference of Mayors identified domestic violence as a primary cause of homelessness U. Conference of Mayors, Addiction — The relationship between addiction and homelessness is complex and controversial.
Many people who are addicted to alcohol and drugs never become homeless, but people who are poor and addicted are clearly at increased risk of homelessness. There are three types of homelessness — chronic, transitional, and episodic — which can be defined as follows: Yet such persons represent a far smaller proportion of the population compared to the transitionally homeless.
Transitional Homelessness Transitionally homeless individuals generally enter the shelter system for only one stay and for a short period. Such persons are likely to be younger, are probably recent members of the precariously housed population and have become homeless because of some catastrophic event, and have been forced to spend a short time in a homeless shelter before making a transition into more stable housing.
Over time, transitionally homeless individuals will account for the majority of persons experiencing homelessness given their higher rate of turnover. Episodic Homelessness Those who frequently shuttle in and out of homelessness are known as episodically homeless.
They are most likely to be young, but unlike those in transitional homelessness, episodically homeless individuals often are chronically unemployed and experience medical, mental health, and substance abuse problems.A roof is not enough A look at homelessness worldwide by Monte Leach.
According to Scott Leckie, Director of the Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions in Geneva, homelessness persists on a vast scale in both rich and poor countries because of economic and political disregard for . 1.
Homelessness is about human rights. People experiencing homelessness face violations of a wide range of human rights. Access to safe and secure housing is one of the most basic human rights.
Besides poverty and food crisis, additional causes of homelessness are heavy rains and floods affecting thousands of people every year. In , 40, people were displaced and 26, houses were destroyed due to the floods (IRIN News, ).
Homeless Hub backgrounder on why young people become homeless. Backgrounder: Why do young people become homeless? Young people who become homeless are . Grant Programs and Services SAMHSA’s formula and discretionary grant programs support many types of behavioral health treatments and recovery-oriented services.
SAMHSA’s services increase access to disability income benefits for eligible adults who are experiencing or at risk for homelessness.
Learn more about grant programs and services. Johnny Magdaleno is a journalist, writer and photographer. His writing and photographs have been published by The Guardian, Al Jazeera, NPR, Newsweek, VICE News, the Huffington Post, the Christian Science Monitor and others.