This is the most important part of your paper in some respects.
It is not an easy article to read and may indeed be one of the most disturbing things you've ever read. It chronicles the scandal that destroyed the credibility of the safety testing lab industry in the late s and early s, particularly Industrial Bio-Test Labs of Northbrook, Illinois.
The article reveals the fraudulent practices of IBT and other laboratories, the horrendous treatment of animals, and the total disregard of human health and the integrity of the regulatory process. Many of the products the safety of which was declared falsely are still on the market.
I first encountered this issue when covering PCBs in the mids and reported my findings in an article in Sierra, the magazine of the Sierra Club.
With assistance of NRDC, which retrieved this nearly-forgotten article from its archives for us, we are able to offer it to Planet Waves readers.
Although it was designed to fill drinking bottles and flush wastes from hundreds of rodent cages, the equipment rarely worked properly.
Faulty nozzles sprayed the room with a continuing chilly mist, showering the caged animals. Water streamed off cages and racks, submerging the floor under a four-inch deep pool.
Mice regularly drowned in their feeding troughs. Rats died of exposure. No technician entered the Swamp without rubber boots, and many wore masks to protect themselves from the hideous stench of disease and death. During the course of a two-year feeding study, involving more than animals, the mortality rate in the Swamp reached 80 percent.
Worst of all was cleaning the cages. Dead rats and mice, technicians later told federal investigators, decomposed so rapidly in the Swamp that their bodies oozed through wire cage bottoms and lay in purple puddles on the dropping trays.
It was in conditions like these in the Swamp and four other major animal feeding areas that IBT conducted thousands of critical research projects for nearly every major American chemical and drug manufacturer, dozens of foreign concerns, and several federal agencies as well.
It has been estimated that between 35 and 40 percent of all toxicology tests in the country were conducted by IBT. Paul Wright, section head for rat toxicology; Dr.
Moreno Keplinger, manager of toxicology; and James B.
Plank, senior group leader for rat toxicology — were indicted in Chicago by a special federal grand jury. Each defendant is accused of eight counts of conducting and distributing fake scientific research and then of attempting to cover up the scheme.
After several postponements, the IBT trial is scheduled to begin April 4. If convicted on all counts, each defendant faces up to forty years in prison and fines totaling over In the months since the indictment, the defendants have filed stacks of legal motions seeking dismissal of the charges.
Similar tactics were employed by defense attorneys, in two cases prosecuted several years ago by US attorneys in Chicago with distressing results. In the first case, the government gained an eleven-count indictment in against Velsicol Chemical for concealing key scientific results in the carcinogenicity of the restricted insecticides chlordane and heptachlor.
The case was dismissed in on procedural grounds. US attorneys were turned away one more time in in a case against G.
Searle, a major pharmaceutical manufacturer, accused of falsifying scientific research. In that case, Chicago prosecutors could not gain an indictment.The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry ha. The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry has split into two separate departments. How to Write a Research Paper.
What is a research paper? A research paper is a piece of academic writing based on its author’s original research on a particular topic, and the analysis and interpretation of the research findings.
Crucial aspects of a lab report are the discussion and conclusion. In the shorter version of a lab report, the discussion section is typically separated from the results section and serves as a conclusion as well.
Moles Lab Activities - Virginia Department of Education 1. Lab Report. Writing a lab report is something which seems to be very easy, but on the contrary, is time consuming and not understandable. If you lack ideas of how to write a lab report – you will need a qualified assistant to help you write a lab report, to show you a sample lab report, provide a lab report example, and answer any questions on lab report writing.
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.