Livingstone's birthplace in Blantyre David Livingstone's birthplace, with period furnishings Livingstone was born on 19 March in the mill town of BlantyreScotland in a tenement building for the workers of a cotton factory on the banks of the River Clyde under the bridge crossing into Bothwell. He and his brother John worked twelve-hour days as piecerstying broken cotton threads on the spinning machines. He was a student at the Charing Cross Hospital Medical School in —40, with his courses covering medical practice, midwifery, and botany.
First Look Malawi turns to solar irrigation to counter harsh droughts With frequent droughts threatening the future of Malawi's farming industry, local farmers in the country's Zomba district have created sustainable solutions: But now, worsening dry spells "mean no hope for harvests," he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation in an interview.
Faced with growing losses, however, farmers in Zomba district have come up with an innovative way to adapt: Solar-powered pumps used to pull up underground water, and newly constructed water storage dams that are also used to farm fish. They have also begun growing drought-hardy sweet potatoes to supplement maize, the region's increasingly at-risk staple.
In Mwambo and Ngwerelo, two traditional authorities in Zomba, and at villages in Ntcheu district, solar panels supported on steel poles provide the power to pump groundwater from new borehole wells into reservoir tanks capable of storing at least 2, gallons.
A share of the water then is piped from the tanks to hydrants constructed in nearby fields — with another share going into the villages for household use.
The water systems, put in place last year, are capable of irrigating about 50 acres of land each, Mr. At Gunde, a village in central Malawi's Ntcheu district, the system provides irrigation water and safe drinking water to people in the area, said Ntombi Kafere, a member of the Umodzi irrigation scheme.
Farmers there expect it will boost incomes, especially as it lies close to Tsangano road, which marks the boundary with Mozambique and which links the area to nearby markets.
Malawi's Department of Irrigation says irrigation projects are on the rise in Malawi as a result of changing weather conditions. From tomore than 5, acres of farmland in Malawi began being irrigated for the first time, with more than half of that land in the hands of small-scale farmers.
Altogether the country has aboutacres under irrigation, out of aboutwhere the systems could be used, according to the country's Department of Irrigation. Efforts to boost the amount of farmland being irrigated in Malawi face challenges, however, from lack of cash to insecure land tenure and shortages of electricity needed to power irrigation pumps, the result of drought hitting the country's hydroelectric dams.
To shore up harvests, Malawi's fast-vanishing forests also need to be better safeguarded to help protect rain patterns and rain-fed agriculture, said Marlene Chikuni, a natural resources management specialist at the University of Malawi.
Michael Makonombela, deputy director of Malawi's Environmental Affairs Department, said one key to the new climate adaptation efforts is letting farmers choose what changes works best for them rather than letting outsiders make those decisions. Get the Monitor Stories you care about delivered to your inbox.
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