Knowledge is a repertoire of behavioral responses to environmental stimuli. Knowledge systems of cognitive structures are actively constructed by learners based on pre-existing cognitive structures.
Treatments Unwanted intrusive thoughts and repetitive behaviors afflict about 2 percent of the population, typically beginning in the teen years but often much earlier. The chronic condition, caused by a mix of neurobiologic, genetic, and environmental factors, responds to both drug therapy and exposure psychotherapy.
Often the person carries out the behaviors to reduce the impact or get rid of the obsessive thoughts, but this only brings temporary relief.
Not performing the obsessive rituals can cause great anxiety. OCD affects about 2. It strikes men and women in roughly equal numbers and usually appears in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood.
Although OCD symptoms typically develop during the teen years or early adulthood, research shows that at least one-third of adult cases began in childhood.
It is important that children receive evaluation and treatment as soon as possible to prevent their missing important opportunities because of this disorder. Symptoms People with OCD: Spend at least an hour a day on the thoughts and rituals, which cause distress and get in the way of daily life.
Persistent paranoid fears, an unreasonable concern with becoming contaminated, or an excessive need to do things perfectly, are common. Or, he or she thinks: Other examples of obsessions include fear of being hurt or of hurting others, and troubling religious or sexual thoughts.
Compulsions In response to their obsessions, most people with OCD resort to repetitive behaviors, or compulsions.
The most common of these are putting things in order, checking, and washing. These behaviors generally are intended to ward off harm to the person with OCD or to others. Some people with OCD have regimented rituals. People with OCD vary in terms of their insight into their illness.
At other times, however, they may be unsure about their fears or even believe strongly in their validity. Most people with OCD struggle to banish their unwanted thoughts and compulsive behaviors. Many are able to keep their obsessive-compulsive symptoms under control during the hours when they are engaged at school or work.
The course of the disease is quite varied. Symptoms may come and go, ease over time, or get worse. If OCD becomes severe, it can keep a person from working or carrying out normal responsibilities at home.
People with OCD may try to help themselves by avoiding situations that trigger their obsessions, or they may use alcohol or drugs to deal with their mood, anxieties, and fears. Causes Biological factors are implicated in the risk of OCD.
The fact that OCD patients respond well to specific medications that affect the neurotransmitter serotonin suggests the disorder has a neurobiological basis.
There is also a higher rate of OCD among first-degree relatives of adults with the disorder. The search for causes now focuses on the interaction of neurobiological factors and environmental influences, as well as on cognitive processes.Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a relatively common psychological problem.
The symptoms--which can be seriously disabling in extreme cases--can include excessive hand-washing or other cleaning rituals, repeating checking, extreme slowness, and unwanted, repugnant intrusive thoughts. If being diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) isn’t challenging enough, imagine how it would feel to be faced with a separate mental disorder that affects your very ability to think, feel, or behave rationally.
Psychotherapist helps with anxiety, panic attacks, trauma, depression, anger, stress management, sexual problems, sex therapy, communication problems, marriage / relationship problems, co-dependency, and adults emotionally, physically or sexually abused as children, womens issues.
20 years counseling & psychology experience. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, images, and sensations (obsessions) and .
Psychological perspective. Brief description of study (ies) offered to support the perspective’s explanation for obsessive compulsive disorder.
A practical guide by three leading cognitive behavioral therapy experts, enabling sufferers to make sense of their symptoms, and to follow a simple plan to help conquer obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).