Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers.
Piferrer, in spite of writing only in Spanish, was one of the precursors of the romantic movement in Catalonia. Although Cuban, she lived most of her life in Spain. She wrote various poems, plays, and novels. Her most famous work is an antislavery novel called Sab novel.
She spent a great part of her childhood in the Extremaduran countryside, and from a very young age showed a talent for poetry.
She married an American diplomat and lived in various foreign countries. Family misfortune prompted her to seek solitude and retreat in Lisbonwhere she died in Prose[ edit ] During the Romantic period, there was a great interest in literary fiction, in particular, adventure and mystery novels; however, Spanish output of this type was scanty, limited to translations of foreign novels.
Spanish prose essentially consisted of the novel, scientific or scholarly prose, journalism, and the intense development of costumbrismo.
During the first quarter of the century, four distinct types of novels developed: The most purely Romantic of these is the anticlerical novel. However, the Romantic influence would shape, principally, the historical novel.
Historical novels[ edit ] The historical novel developed in imitation of Walter Scott 80 of his works had been translatedauthor of WaverleyIvanhoeand other novels of adventure set in the Scottish and English past. Spanish historical novels fall into two categories: Within the liberal school existed both anti-clerical and populist currents.
On the other hand, the moderate school produced, on occasion, novels exalting traditional and Catholic values. The most notable Spanish authors are: Francisco Navarro Villoslada —who wrote a series of historical novels when the romantic genre was in decline and Realism was coming to be at its height.
His novels were inspired by Basque traditions, and were set in the medieval era. His most famous work is Amaya, o los vascos en el siglo VIII Amaya, or the Basques of the 8th centuryin which the Basques and the Visigoths ally themselves against the Muslim invasion.
His most important work is the Ensayo sobre el catolicismo, el liberalismo y el socialismo Treatise about Catholicism, Liberalism, and Socialismpublished in His style has a solemn yet compelling tone, and provoked lively debates.
Jaime Balmeshowever, belongs in the conservative, Catholic camp. Costumbrist vignettes[ edit ] Between andSpain developed the literatura costumbrista literature of mannerswhich manifested itself in the cuadro de costumbres, or vignette of everyday life, a short prose article.
These works were normally restricted to descriptive text, keeping argument to a minimum. They described the lifestyle of the era, a popular custom, or a personal stereotype. In many cases as in the articles of Larrathe articles contain considerable satire.
Costumbrismo or costumbrism arose out of the Romantic desire to emphasize the different and the peculiar, inspired by the French affinity for the same genre. Thousands of articles of this type were published, thus limiting the development of the novel in Spain, since narration and individual characters predominated in that genre, while costumbrist vignettes were limited to generic descriptions of personality types bullfighter, chestnut seller, water carrier, etc.
He belonged to the Spanish Academy and was a gentle bourgeois. His ideas were anti-Romantic and he was a great observer of the life around him.
He was famous under the pseudonym El curioso parlante The talking bystander. His costumbrist works were collected in the volumes Panorama matritense and Escenas matritenses.
He was known as El solitario The solitary oneand held high political office. Though known for his conservatism, in his youth he was a liberal. The Barcelona publication El Europeo The European — published articles about romanticism and, through the publication, Spain came to know the names of ByronSchiller and Walter Scott.
However, the press was also an arm of the political fight. After the death of Fernando VII inmany important changes occurred in journalism. Inthe French Girardin initiated in his newspaper La Presse a custom which would have a staggering and lasting success: The Spanish press, always with their eyes on the press of their neighbors, hurried to copy this initiative; however, the height of this era in Spain would be between and Realism And Romanticism In The Poetry Of Emily Dickinson Essay.
Emily Dickinson is generally known as a romantic era poetess, yet she frequently integrated a surprising realism into her romantically styled poetry - Realism And Romanticism In The Poetry Of Emily Dickinson Essay introduction.
Often choosing topics related to realism for her poetry, she enigmatically shrouded her lines in. Nov 26, · Realism The following entry presents criticism on the representation of realism in world short fiction literature.
Viewed as a reaction to romanticism, literary realism is written from an. First and foremost, Romanticism is concerned with the individual more than with society. The individual consciousness and especially the individual imagination are especially fascinating for the Romantics. Romanticism vs.
Realism Essay Words Nov 30th, 4 Pages The main ideas of the period of Romanticism were largely based on self expression, free will and the ability to act on that will, spontaneity, individualism and the prospect to shape your own life.
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