The World from Berlin:
The horrors of life in the front-line trenches has so often been described in lurid detail: The debate still continues as to how men were affected by the experience: There can be no doubt that all who experienced the war at first hand were profoundly altered by it, and that the world to which they returned was changed forever.
It was an extreme situation with which each man had to cope in his own way. Others found solace in deep religious faith, or redefined life in terms of the absurd.
Many turned their backs on the violence and became pacifists, others espoused militant socialism and longed to turn the war between nations into a war between classes.
How then did the German experience of trench warfare differ from that of the Allies? The first question must surely be: The French had no doubt that they were defending the sacred soil of France.
The British were not at all sure what they were fighting for: The Germans initially believed that they were defending their fatherland against the Entente that encircled them and was bent on their destruction.
On the Somme in they saw themselves as defending not only their own country but also French civilians against a brutal British assault. British artillery destroyed peaceful French villages which the Germans defended.
They brought the civilians to safety and rebuilt their villages when the fighting died down. The army that had invaded France in was now fighting a purely defensive war. This is reflected in the language used in German regimental histories of the Battle of the Somme.
Accustomed to thinking in such terms it was impossible for the majority of Germans to accept the assertion in article of the Treaty of Versailles that Germany was guilty of fighting an aggressive war. The German army had successfully defended French villagers and the western marches of the Reich against a brutal British attack.
It was in that year that the emblematic coal-scuttle steel helmet became regulation issue - appropriate headgear for men of steel. Most important of all was the appointment of Hindenburg and Ludendorff to the High Command OHL at the end of August, which marked a new and radical phase in the war.
Until it was possible for the average Landser to believe that he was fighting a defensive war, given the information then available to him.
Now the High Command with the vigorous support of the newly-formed Fatherland Party Vaterlandspartei of Admiral Tirpitz and Wolfgang Kapp proclaimed an exotic war aims programme that made a mockery of any pretension that Germany was on the defensive. As the war dragged on, more and more soldiers, including a number of high-ranking officers, called for a compromise peace based on the status quo and denounced those nationalist politicians who were prolonging the war in pursuit of unattainable goals.
Top No end in sight Although many senior officers had known that the war was likely to be lengthy, they still promised a swift victory over France with the Schlieffen Plan. Disappointment was bitter when, in spite of heavy casualties, there was still no end in sight. By the summer of most soldiers knew that the war could not be won In the following year, unrestricted submarine warfare was trumpeted as the magic formula.
This too failed and America was brought into the war. At first this was a huge tactical success, the British 5th Army was destroyed, the British laid plans for the evacuation of France, and the French prepared to abandon Paris. Then the offensive ground to a standstill.
By the summer of most soldiers knew that the war could not be won. The number of desertions increased dramatically and by the late autumn the army began to disintegrate. The effects of the Allied blockade were such that the soldiers were exceedingly poorly fed.
They were staggered at the rich supplies of food, drink and tobacco they found when they seized British positions in The Allies also had an overwhelming superiority in artillery, tanks and mechanised transport and their equipment was greatly superior.
To counter this the Germans had to rely on their superior skill, and this in turn was a source of considerable pride.“It was a Germany operation from Ceferin,” said Fanatik, the sports daily of the Demiroren Group. “After the decision, the very surprised TFF delegation showed its response to .
The Versailles Treaty was the controversial peace settlement between Germany and the Allied Powers that officially ended World War I. so punitive upon Germany that many believe the Versailles Treaty laid the groundwork for the eventual rise of Nazis in Germany and the eruption of World War II.
Julian Draxler admits Germany are still trying to make up for their group stage exit at the FIFA World Cup. Germany still trying to make up for World Cup disappointment - Draxler [Video] Home.
Continuing my series of strategy posts about Brave New World's modified civilizations, I'm going to take a look at strategies for Bismarck's well-rounded Germany. Since Brave New World's fall patch, Germany's unique Landsknecht has been replaced with a Hanse (bank replacement) that makes Germany into a more well-rounded civ rather than being exclusively military-focused.
10/10/ Football: Germany still trying to make up for World Cup disappointment - Draxler Julian Draxler admits Germany are still trying to make up for their group stage exit at the FIFA. the german impire. The Negotiations at Gastein Disappointment at their Ill-Success The Roumanian Railway Question The Bavarina Cabinet Crisis-German Confedcration Present sentiment Toward France.