The Protocols of Joly Anyone who starts looking into the Protocols of the Meetings of the Learned Elders of Zion will frequently encounter the old chestnut about a "hoax" or a "forgery". When Philip Graves made the allegation inlong before the days of the internet and all the pages detailing the various logical fallacies, his target audience had never heard of a circular argument or a non sequitur.
Overview[ edit ] To fully understand folklore, it is helpful to clarify its component parts: It is well-documented that the term was coined in by the Englishman William Thoms. He fabricated it to replace the contemporary terminology of "popular antiquities" or "popular literature".
The second half of the compound word, loreproves easier to define as its meaning has stayed relatively stable over the last two centuries.
When Thoms first created this term, folk applied only to rural, frequently poor and illiterate peasants. A more modern definition of folk is a social group which includes two or more persons with common traits, who express their shared identity through distinctive traditions. These now include all "things people make with words verbal lorethings they make with their hands material loreand things they make with their actions customary lore ".
The folklorist studies the traditional artifacts of a social group and how they are transmitted. Transmission is a vital part of the folklore process. Without communicating these beliefs and customs within the group over space and time, they would become cultural shards relegated to cultural archaeologists.
For folklore is also a verb.
These folk artifacts continue to be passed along informally, as a rule anonymously and always in multiple variants. The folk group is not individualistic, it is community-based and nurtures its lore in community. For these cultural units  would not be passed along unless they had some continued relevance within the group.
That meaning can however shift and morph. The cleansing rituals of Orthodox Judaism were originally good public health in a land with little water; now these customs signify identification as an Orthodox Jew.
Compare this to brushing your teeth, also transmitted within a group, which remains a practical hygiene and health issue and does not rise to the level of a group-defining tradition. Once it loses its practical purpose, there is no reason for further transmission unless it has been imbued with meaning beyond the initial practicality of the action.
This meaning is at the core of folkloristics, the study of folklore. With an increasingly theoretical sophistication of the social sciences, it has become evident that folklore is a naturally occurring and necessary component of any social group, it is indeed all around us. It continues to be created, transmitted and in any group is used to differentiate between "us" and "them".
Origin and development of folklore studies[ edit ] Main article: A particular figure in this development was Johann Gottfried von Herderwhose writings in the s presented oral traditions as organic processes grounded in locale. This process was enthusiastically embraced by smaller nations like Finland, Estonia, and Hungary, which were seeking political independence from their dominant neighbours.
Its focus was the oral folklore of the rural peasant populations, which were considered as residue and survivals of the past that continued to exist within the lower strata of society.
This interest in stories, sayings and songs continued throughout the 19th century and aligned the fledgling discipline of folkloristics with literature and mythology. By the turn into the 20th century the number and sophistication of folklore studies and folklorists had grown both in Europe and North America.Ever loved a book or story, and been unable to find another quite like it?
Maybe we at Magic Dragon Multimedia can help to steer you in the right direction. Essay on The Trickster - The Trickster Karl Jung's explanation for the archetypes that surface in cultural and religious literature is that they are the product of what he calls the collective unconsciousness.
That thread of consciousness that connects all human beings and cultures around the world. Ever loved a book or story, and been unable to find another quite like it?
Maybe we at Magic Dragon Multimedia can help to steer you in the right direction. Nothing is "lock-tight provable," _all_ is _speculation_ for scholars, myself included. I understand that Yahweh is an almagam of MANY gods and goddesses, Mesopotamian, Hittite, Syrian, Phoenician, Egyptian, and Canaanite.
 See Dennis Lee's The Alternative, exhibit 1B. Ms. D eputy Attorney General sent Dennis the evidence that she needed to make the consumer protection charge stick.
Dennis was marketing his heat pump under his Systems for Savings plan, where the customer only paid what the system was proven to save in energy bills. Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.
These include oral traditions such as tales, proverbs and leslutinsduphoenix.com include material culture, ranging from traditional building styles to handmade toys common to the leslutinsduphoenix.comre also .